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Mustang Sally Farm

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World Poultry News
« on: December 06, 2012, 12:16:46 PM »
Poultry Health Featured Articles

Influence of Chlorine Added to Drinking Water During the Preslaughter Feed Withdrawal on Microbiology and Morphology of the Broiler Gastrointestinal Tract
02 December 2012


Chlorine added to drinking water for broilers during the feed withdrawal period reduced the numbers of microorganisms in the crops but did not damage the intestinal mucosa, according to new research from Brazil.

In the journal, Poultry Science, F.R. Barreiro and co-authors at Universidade Estadual Paulista in Jaboticabal, Brazil, report an experiment to test the effects of the addition of chlorine to broiler drinking water during a 12-hour pre-slaughter feed withdrawal period on reduction of the quantities of microorganisms, such as Escherichia coli and enterococci, in broiler crops and caeca.
Reduction of these microorganisms would likely also reduce contamination of broiler meat by pathogenic bacteria during processing, the researchers explain. They also investigated whether the chlorine caused intestinal damage that could disseminate the microorganisms to the carcass.
A total of 40 Cobb male broilers were used. Samples of crop and caecal content were collected for microbiological analysis, and duodenum and jejunum were used for morphological analysis from 10 birds in each treatment.
The most probable number (MPN) of E.coli and enterococci in the collected samples of crop and caeca and the measure of the free residual chlorine in water were determined.
The scanning electron microscopy from duodenum and jejunum was used to illustrate the mucosa integrity.
The salt of dichloro isocyanuric acid (Hidroall do Brasil Ltda, Aviclor choque) was used in the drinking water of the 12 hours of feed withdrawal with chlorine addition to water treatment. Chlorine was added at the beginning of the pre-slaughter period. The nipple valve was pressed with a sterile spatula to collect a water sample in a sterile bottle at the beginning and after the 12-h pre-slaughter period. Free chlorine measurement was performed immediately after sample collection. The concentration of free residual chlorine in the water was 0.052mg per mL at the start and 0.043mg per mL at the end of the pre-slaughter feed withdrawal period.
The chlorine added to water was efficient in reducing the quantities of microorganisms in broiler crops and improved the integrity of the mucosa.

Figure 1. Electron micrograph from duodenum of broilers submitted to the following treatments: without feed withdrawal at the beginning of the pre-slaughter period (A), 12 hours of feed withdrawal without chlorine addition to water (B), 12 hours of feed withdrawal with chlorine addition to water (C), and without feed withdrawal after the pre-slaughter period (D).

Figure 2. Electron micrograph from jejunum of broilers submitted to the following treatments: without feed withdrawal at the beginning of the pre-slaughter period (A), 12 hours of feed withdrawal without chlorine addition to water (B), 12 hours of feed withdrawal with chlorine addition to water (C), and without feed withdrawal after the pre-slaughter period (D).
The researchers concluded that pre-slaughter feed withdrawal should be coupled with crop disinfection because pre-slaughter feed withdrawal increases the MPN of enterococci and E. coli in broiler crops. As a result, they added, it presents a higher risk for carcass contamination during slaughterhouse processing and, consequently, a higher risk for public health.


Barreiro F.R., S.M. Baraldi-Artoni, F.R. Pinto, M.M.C. Barbosa, J.C. Barbosa and L.A. Amaral. 2012. Influence of chlorine added to drinking water during the preslaughter feed withdrawal on microbiology and morphology of the broiler gastrointestinal tract. Poultry Science.
« Last Edit: December 06, 2012, 12:18:35 PM by Mustang Sally Farm »


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Re: World Poultry News
« Reply #1 on: December 10, 2012, 09:10:44 AM »
doc nemo ako din poh pahingi ng guide sa pag-aalaga ng 45days chicken.. salamat poh sir..
« Last Edit: December 10, 2012, 09:19:11 AM by ponching27 »

Mustang Sally Farm

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Re: World Poultry News
« Reply #2 on: December 12, 2012, 08:28:48 AM »
USDA International Egg and Poultry

Reports» USDA International Egg and Poultry» USDA International Egg and Poultry: United Arab Emirates

05 December 2012
USDA International Egg and Poultry: United Arab Emirates
Poultry meat production in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) is unofficially expected to drop to 37,000 tons in 2012 before rebounding to 41,000 tons in 2013.


Poultry meat production was constrained due to outbreaks of diseases which resulted in some plants either closing or scaling down their operations. The increasing prices of feed and high operational cost have added to the problems of poultry producers. A newly constructed farm in Abu Dhabi is expected to start production in 2013, and according to industry sources, early this year Saudi Arabia stopped exports of poultry meat. This development has encouraged UAE producers to increase their production.

United Arab Emirates broiler meat in ‘000 metric tons

Poultry PSD table with estimates for 2012 and 2013:
Five large-sized farms produce about 75% of the local poultry production, half of which is produced by a single farm in Dubai; two medium-sized farms produce nearly 10 percent of the total, while the balance is filled by several small operations. The average age of the birds slaughtered is between 28 to 31 days. The average bird weight gain is reported at 40 g/day. Live chicken is slaughtered at a 1.3 kg weight that dresses out at 1 kg. The feed conversion rate is reported between 1.5 kg and 1.6 kg to 1 kg and it varies depending on the farm management and utilized breed.
Major poultry operations are fully integrated, including on-farm slaughtering facilities. They also have their marketing, sales and distribution staff and some even retail directly. Domestically produced poultry is generally marketed fresh/chilled. Summer heat causes both production and marketing problems when demand for poultry meat drops, as many UAE residents travel abroad fleeing the high temperature. During the summer months major operations will freeze some production. In an effort to expand market share some producers are producing limited amounts of chilled boneless or bonein parts. After the AI scare, the government banned backyard poultry production and the sales of live poultry. Spent hens are either destroyed or recycled in rendering plants. The same applies to chicken paws.
Minimum competition exists between domestic and imported poultry because of the price difference. Imported whole chicken retails at about $3/kg, whereas the cost of domestic chicken retails at about US $4.5/kg. Households with high disposable income, particularly Arabs, tend to consume domestically produced poultry in fresh/chilled form as it is perceived to be in full compliance with Halal slaughtering. To a lesser extent, local production is consumed at some institutions, such as universities, hospitals and the military, particularly in Abu Dhabi area.

UAE Poultry Direct Trade 2008 – 2011
In 2011, almost 96% of the total poultry imported by UAE were frozen chicken, 50% of which were frozen meat and edible offal of chicken not cut in pieces (HS Code 02071200), and 46% frozen cuts and offal parts (HS Code 02071400). Similarly, 98% of total exports were frozen chicken, 64% of which were frozen cuts and edible offal (HS Code 02071400), and 34% frozen meat and edible offal not cut in pieces (HS Code 02071200), and almost 94% of reexports were frozen chicken, 53% frozen cuts and edible offal (HS Code 02071400) and 41% frozen meat and edible offal not cut in pieces (HS Code 02071200).

Major poultry suppliers & their total poultry* exports to the UAE CY 2011

UAE total poultry* exports in CY 2011

US Egg and Egg Products Exports to the UAE Bird’s eggs in thousand dozen; egg products in metric tons.

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Re: World Poultry News
« Reply #3 on: December 23, 2012, 06:18:57 AM »

Pakistan Poultry Prices Increase by up to 40 Per Cent
21 December 2012

PAKISTAN - According to a survey, the prices of poultry products registered with 30 to 40 per cent increase in wholesale and retail markets in last couple of days.

A sharp increase in prices of chicken and eggs was witnessed due to non-availability of sufficient stock in the markets, reports Business Recorder.

 The survey noted that price of chicken meat has been increased at Rs.166 per kg from Rs.110 per kg during the last four days in the wholesale and retail market. While, chicken alive is being sold at Rs.250-260 against the preceding week rate of Rs.200.

Similarly eggs’ prices also shot up from Rs.110 to Rs.130 per dozen in the open market.

 The dealers and local district administration had unanimously fixed rates of poultry with minimum rates in wake of surplus stock of chicken in the markets six months ago.

Peshawar High Court also took a suo motu notice against the high prices of chicken in market and imposed ban on export of poultry products and cattle to Afghanistan.

“We are forced to quit business as a number of poultry farm closed down due to facing immense financial losses," said Haji Jhangariz, a wholesaler and owner of poultry farm. He said that dealers are compelled to sell chicken at prices fixed by the district administration for the last three to four months. Because of this, 50 per cent poultry farm have been closed down due to growing financial losses.

“The closure of a large number of farms causes huge shortages of poultry products in wholesale and open markets”, he added.

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Re: World Poultry News
« Reply #4 on: January 03, 2013, 09:33:27 AM »

Turkey Products Grow Stronger Than Chicken
31 December 2012

US - Turkey consumption is edging upwards and turkey products are growing stronger than chicken, according to a new market report.

It is well known that when it comes to poultry sales, chicken rules the roost, but as the holidays approach, could it be time for turkey to gobble up a bigger share of the US market? According to new research from Mintel on the US poultry market, it just might be as sales of turkey, duck and other specialty birds, grew a considerable 6.5 per cent in just one year, reaching $7.1 billion (2011-12).
Growing from $6 billion in 2008, other poultry products, largely consisting of turkey, grew the most in this category. Moreover, more than eight in 10 (84 per cent) Americans say they eat turkey; chicken is eaten by 94 per cent and other poultry, such as duck, goose and hen, are consumed by 23 per cent of the population.
Today, poultry in the US is valued at $30 billion (2012), with chicken parts accounting for 58 per cent of the total poultry market. Worth $17.3 billion in 2011, sales of chicken parts grew 4.5 per cent year on year. Meanwhile, whole chickens were not chicken scratch, with sales of $5.5 billion in 2012, an increase of 0.6 per cent over 2011.
John N. Frank, category manager for Mintel Food and Drink, said: "The growth of other poultry products over 2011 and 2012 is partly attributed to the increasing popularity of Heritage turkeys, which are bigger, take longer to reach maturity, and sell for more than standard turkeys. However, if other poultry products, like turkey, want to continue their impressive growth and not just be seen as the festive centerpiece, they will need to provide the level of innovation that is being seen in the chicken parts segment. As for the poultry market as a whole, it's not surprising that chicken parts make up the majority of sales - they represent an attractive option for shoppers who want a convenient and healthy choice for quick dinners, while whole chickens take a substantial amount of time to prepare and culinary know-how."
Poultry in general might also start pulling in some consumers from the red meat market. Nearly four in 10 (38 per cent) US consumers say they have increased their consumption of poultry in the last year, peaking among younger adults, with 43 per cent of those aged 18-24 eating more versus 36 per cent of the most senior consumers (aged 65+).
"As obesity rates in the US continue to be an issue, low-fat meal options such as white meat poultry should benefit from consumers who are looking for items that will help them maintain healthy weight. Moreover, budget pressures continue to drive-eating at home over dining out, as preparing meals at home typically costs far less than-eating out and the relative affordability of poultry items makes them an ideal meal option for consumers preparing meals at home. As for younger consumers, they are the most likely to have increased their poultry consumption in the last year, reflecting well on the market in that younger consumers are the least likely to possess cooking skills and therefore are likely finding value-added, ready-to-cook (seasoned, marinated) poultry products more convenient than ever," Mr Frank explains.
Moreover, according to Mintel, ethnic consumers are a driving force behind the poultry market, with 73 per cent of Asian or Pacific Islanders and 72 per cent of Hispanic and Black consumers cooking chicken at home, as opposed to 62 per cent of White consumers.

Mustang Sally Farm

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Re: World Poultry News
« Reply #5 on: January 14, 2013, 03:27:15 AM »

Avian Flu at New York Live Market Halts Some Exports
12 January 2013

GLOBAL - Following the finding of avian influenza - presumed to be low pathogenic - at a New York live bird market, exports to Japan and Taiwan from New York have been halted.

USDA's National Veterinary Services Laboratories has confirmed H5N1 - presumably low pathogenic - from a live bird market in New York, according to the National Chicken Council (NCC).
According to USDA's agreement with Taiwan, FSIS has been notified to amend the FSIS Export Library to state that the export of poultry meat and meat products from the State of New York to Taiwan is prohibited effective immediately.
This is also the situation for Japan. Japan's avian influenza bans cover product produced from birds from farms in the banned state, as well as from birds slaughtered or eggs laid in the state; product processed in the state; and product that was stored in or transited the state, except after final packaging for FSIS meat products and after official sealing for table shell eggs.
Japan has agreed to exempt product from poultry slaughtered (or eggs laid) and shipped out of (or packaged with final packaging for FSIS meat products or officially sealed for table shell eggs) New York prior to 12 December 2012. Combined with previous 'ineligible dates' from other bans, this means that the following dates are now ineligible for Japan (from New York):
•products produced prior to 22 February 2008
•product produced on or after 11 April 2008 but before 15 January 2009
•product produced on or after 11 February 2009 but before 25 December 2009
•product produced on or after 20 December 2011 but before 31 August 2012, and
•product produced on or after 12 December 2012.

Mustang Sally Farm

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Re: World Poultry News
« Reply #6 on: January 22, 2013, 02:44:11 AM »
Pakistan - Poultry industry in trouble

21 Jan 2013

While talking to The Nation, Dr Akram Ch observed that chick farming has been suffering because of poor law and order situation, acute power shortages, high prices of poultry feed and scant resources to combat breakouts of poultry diseases which have killed thousands of birds in short periods of time.


Dr Akram has developed a technology of induced moulting and extended it to poultry farmers, providing consultancy services at national and international levels to various layer, layer breeder, broiler breeder and grand parent companies.

Dr Akram is presently the Chairman of the Department of Poultry Production, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences and is amongst one of few whose research is linked with the poultry industry.


He is a member of ASRB, UVAS and has been working as a consultant in Action-aid international UK and FAUP.

“It is a fact that Pakistan’s poultry industry is facing a lot of problems and challenges. In spite of that, the sector is one of the largest and fastest growing agro-industries everywhere in the world just due to an increasing demand for poultry meat and egg products.”

Major problems facing the industry can be put in order by working on a few things, and adopting instructions set by poultry scientists.


“If academia and poultry farmers sit together, share experiences and get guidance from various aspects of farming, then basic learning about farming can be accomplished by farmers, which is, presently done by the UVAS’s Poultry Production Department in Pakistan.”

Dr Akram said that poultry meat is an important protein source.Its quality is pertinent to the quality of life of poultry birds. Chicken feeds come from many sources including land, marine, plants and animal products.

Despite a decline in the number of poultry farms, the average farm production of poultry birds has been going up, as chick populations have soared to almost 710 million this year from about 390 million of 2010, Dr Akram added.

This has provided relief to consumers against a sharp increase in prices of red meat owing to its increasing exports.


He stated that poultry production in traditional rural set-ups is also being gradually modernised, as farmers’ incomes have improved on the back of high support prices of their crops.

But some investment has also come in from abroad, basically in the shape of technical support to poultry feed mills and hatcheries.


He said that if the super floods of 2010 had not destroyed number of farms a big difference in the number of farms now in operation could have been noticed.

Latest data shows that banks made net loans of Rs.4 billion in 2011 to the poultry sector and distributed loans of around Rs.3 billion in 2012.


He said that poultry farms in Sindh have particularly benefited from bank loans in the last two years but total financing has fallen short of their actual needs.

Mustang Sally Farm

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Re: World Poultry News
« Reply #7 on: January 25, 2013, 04:00:26 AM »

GLOBAL POULTRY TRENDS: World Egg Production Sets a Record Despite Slower Growth
Saturday, January 19, 2013


Between 2000 and 2010, global egg output expanded by more than two per cent a year from 51 million tonnes to 63.8 million tonnes (Table 1). However since then, the annual increase appears to have barely averaged one per cent and bearing in mind the continued pressure on production costs and on consumer purse-strings, it seems likely that future growth will be nearer one than two per cent.
In most instances, the production figures relate to the output of all hen eggs including hatching eggs for both the layer and table chicken flocks. Globally, it is considered that hatching eggs represent about five per cent of the total although for individual countries, the proportion of hatching eggs varies greatly depending on the size of the meat chicken industry. Consequently, in some instances, the proportion of hatching eggs in the total will be small but, at the other extreme - for example, in the US and Brazil where hatching eggs represent between 12 per cent and 15 per cent of total egg output, respectively.

Annual rates of growth vary between the regions (Table 1 and Figure 1). While the increase worldwide between 2000 and 2010 averaged 2.3 per cent a year, Africa recorded an average annual expansion of 3.7 per cent. Asia managed an annual growth of 2.6 per cent, while the Americas and Oceania each notched up an increase of a shade over two per cent. Expansion was slowest in Europe with a gain of only 1.1 per cent a year.
As a result of these differences, Africa managed to increase its share of the global total from 3.8 per cent to 4.3 per cent. The contribution from the Americas has eased back a little from 20.4 per cent to 20.1 per cent, while Asia has increased its share from 56.9 per cent to 58.7 per cent. Europe's share contracted from 18.6 per cent to 16.5 per cent. If hatching eggs were deducted from the output figures, the percentages would change a little but it would not alter the general view of an increase in production and market share in Asia and Africa, stagnant growth at best in the Americas and a reduction in Europe.
With regard to layer numbers, the Food and Agriculture (FAO) estimates that in 2010 there were almost 6,556 million layers worldwide, of which, 509 million were in Africa, 1,053 million in the Americas, 4,211 million in Asia, 765 million in Europe and some 18 million in Oceania.


Figure 1. World egg production by region (million tonnes)
The Americas Produces One-Fifth of All Eggs

The region of the Americas produces almost 20 per cent of all eggs. However, industry growth since 2005 has not matched that achieved in Asia hence the Americas' share of the global total has slipped a little from 20.7 per cent in 2005 to an estimated 19.9 per cent in 2012. As in all the regions, only a handful of countries account for the bulk of production.
In the Americas in 2010, just five countries - the US, Mexico, Brazil, Columbia and Argentina - produced some 10.8 million tonnes of eggs or 84 per cent of the regional total (Tables 2 and 3) although as mentioned earlier, in both the US and Brazil, a significant proportion of the total will be hatching eggs for the table chicken industry.

Growth rates within the region show marked differences. In the US, the leading producer by far, production between 2000 and 2010 increased by less than one per cent a year in contrast to gains of between 2.6 per cent and 2.9 per cent in Brazil and Mexico. The industries in the next two countries in the production league table, Columbia and Argentina, expanded by some 4.7 per cent and 4.4 per cent a year respectively. So, while Mexico, Brazil, Columbia and Argentina increased their shares of the regional total, the USA's contribution actually declined from 48 per cent to almost 42 per cent between 2000 and 2010.
Canada's egg industry has expanded by about 1.5 per cent a year. Production in Peru actually increased by almost six per cent a year but from a low base of just over 160,000 tonnes in 2000 (Table 2).

Egg production in the US is expressed in millions of dozens, the total having risen from 7,630 million dozen in 2010 to 7,655 million dozen in 2011, with the latest estimate for 2012 at 7,700 million dozen but forecast for 2013 points to a fall of one per cent to around 7,610 million dozen. Hatching eggs represent around 12 per cent of these totals. In volume terms, the quantity of table eggs produced is around 4.7 and 4.8 million tonnes, with some 93 per cent being considered to be white-shelled eggs.
The five largest egg producing States - Iowa (with 52.3 million layers), Ohio (26.9 million), Pennsylvania (24.4 million), Indiana (22.8 million) and California (18.9 million) represent around 50 per cent of all US layers. Currently some 87 per cent of total production is in the hands of 61 companies, each owning more than one million birds, 16 of which have over five million.
Some 94 per cent of output comes from conventional cages but an agreement between United Egg Producers (who represent some 80 per cent of US egg production) and the Humane Society of the United States (HSUS) will result in the industry moving from what is primarily a conventional cage production business to enriched colony housing giving 124 square inches or 800 square centimetres per white layer and 144 square inches or 929 square centimetres for brown-egg birds by the end of 2029.
According to Maro Ibarburu-Blanc, an economist at the Egg Industry Center, quoted in Egg Industry, the trend towards larger layer farms with in-line egg packing, and greater industry consolidation will continue as the move towards enriched colony production systems will increase both capital and feed costs. There will likely be a regional shift towards the southern States, as it is anticipated that supplemental heating may be required in houses in parts of the Mid- and north-west in winter to maintain the optimum temperature for bird performance, as bird density will be lower in the enriched colonies than in conventional cages. The view is that medium-sized farms with fewer than one million birds will either get bigger or cease production, while the really small farms could stay in business as niche marketers.
USDA long-term projections foresee growth in US production but at less than one per cent a year as total output rises from 7,607 million dozen in 2013 to 8,043 million dozen in 2021.


Figure 2. Leading egg producers in the Americas (million tonnes)

The egg industry in Mexico managed to expand by more than three per cent a year in the decade to 2010 during which time, annual output rose from 1.79 million tonnes to 2.48 million tonnes, according to the Union Nacional de Avicultores. In 2011, the gain was not quite as rapid at 2.5 per cent output rising to 2.54 million tonnes, despite higher production costs. However, the Los Altos region of the Jalisco State was hit by an outbreak of H7N3 avian influenza in June 2012 that resulted in the loss of some 22 million layers, which represented some 15 per cent of the country's egg production. Jalisco produces 55 per cent of Mexico's table eggs, the majority coming from the Los Altos region, the only area affected by the outbreak. As a result, the upward trend in annual production will have been reversed in 2012 to less than 2.4 million tonnes. At the time of writing, a recovery was underway. The ratio of white to brown eggs is put at 95:5.
Although, according to the FAO, egg output in Brazil (commercial, plus backyard and hatching) is almost two million tonnes a year, possibly 15 per cent or more of the total are hatching eggs, which would put the estimate of table eggs at around 1.7 million tonnes. Egg consumption currently is some 8.5kg per person and year, which is below the average for the Americas. However, with a human population currently estimated at 200 million, even a tiny increase in uptake per person will require a significant increase in the quantity of eggs produced to meet the additional demand. As in most other countries, while the difficult financial climate will likely apply a brake to the rate of growth, the upward trend in output should continue. White-shelled eggs represent approximately 75 per cent of the total.

Argentina and Columbia are neck and neck in the race to capture the fourth place in the production league (Table 4). The data presented by the FAO for the period 2000 to 2010 (Table 2) indicates that Columbia's industry was marginally the larger of the two. However, the opposite picture is indicated by more recent figures published by the International Egg Commission (IEC), which puts egg output in 2011 in Argentina at 721,000 tonnes compared with 640,000 tonnes in Columbia. But, the average egg weight in Argentina was assessed at 63.5g, despite the brown to white egg ratio being put at 42 to 58, while the average egg weight in Colombia was estimated to be just 60g. Should the average egg weight for Colombia be understated, Argentina would still have the edge but the difference between the two countries would be much closer. The long-term outlook for both these countries has to be for continued growth.
While Canada might reasonably expect future growth to average more than one per cent a year, the gap between its output and that of the fifth-largest producer in the region, Peru, will continue to close, especially if Peru can maintain its much faster annual growth rate. While production in Peru is almost entirely brown-shelled, almost the opposite is true in Canada where the white to brown egg ratio is 90 to 10.
January 2013

Mustang Sally Farm

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Re: World Poultry News
« Reply #8 on: February 05, 2013, 12:10:37 AM »

Saskatchewan Poultry Market Access to Taiwan Restored
04 February 2013

CANADA - Saskatchewan poultry producers now have access to the lucrative Taiwanese market for the first time since 2007, Agriculture Minister Gerry Ritz announced on Friday (1 February).

Effective immediately, Saskatchewan producers will benefit from a growing market whose value increased 84 per cent from 2007 to 2011.
"Canada's poultry producers play an important role in creating jobs and economic growth across Canada," said Minister Ritz. "Our Government strongly believes in science-based trade, and we are pleased that Taiwan will recognize the safety and high quality of Saskatchewan poultry products."
Taiwan is Canada's fifth-largest export market for poultry and poultry products, importing C$77.4 million in 2007 and C$142.4 million in 2011, an increase of 84 per cent.
Canadian poultry exports to Taiwan have increased 147 per cent between 2007 and 2012, reaching C$22.2 million in sales between January and November 2012.
Taiwanese authorities have lifted the ban that was imposed on Saskatchewan poultry and poultry products following the detection of Notifiable Avian Influenza (NAI) in September 2007.
Saskatchewan has been recognised as NAI-free since 2008 based on the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) requirements, and Canada has been advocating for trade to resume with Taiwan based on this science. The rest of Canada continued to have access during this time period.

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Re: World Poultry News
« Reply #9 on: February 14, 2013, 03:33:01 AM »

Considerations When Starting a Poultry Flock
13 February 2013


US - When starting a poultry enterprise, whether a small backyard flock or a large commercial operation, there are several factors to consider, says a University of Missouri Extension poultry specialist.

"First of all, you need a location that is legal and acceptable for you to have poultry," Jess Lyons said. "Whether it is in the city or in a rural area, do you have the facilities, the land and source of water to start the enterprise?"
Dr Lyons says that determining the type of operation you plan to start is important.
"Are you doing meat birds only a certain part of the year? Are you doing year-round production? Or are you producing eggs?" Dr Lyons said. "That will affect the area that is required and also the housing facilities."
Backyard flocks that have free range without retaining fences need a place to go up during the night to be safe from predators. Fences that keep flocks in may not keep predators out.
"It seems like all poultry is susceptible to any type of four-legged predator, as well as winged predators," Dr Lyons said.
Birds also need a balanced diet to meet the nutrient requirements of production. Lyons says supplemental light during the winter's shorter days is necessary to keep hens laying eggs.
"The other thing is, what do you do with the product being produced? What's your goal?" Dr Lyons said. "Is it to supplement the farm income, or is it for the enjoyment of the family, or to give children responsibility? It works very well with youth programing with small, fairly inexpensive operations."
Lyons and extension poultry specialists from across the country have worked together to develop online information on small and backyard flocks through, a national collaboration of land-grant universities and the Cooperative Extension System. Information about upcoming webinars, recordings of past webinars, and many other resources for poultry production can be found by clicking here.

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Re: World Poultry News
« Reply #10 on: February 24, 2013, 04:14:26 AM »
Markets and Economics Featured Articles

GLOBAL POULTRY TRENDS - Shell Egg Trade Doubles in Asia
20 February 2013

Trade in shell eggs and egg products by Asian countries is growing, according to Terry Evans in his latest analysis of Asia'a egg industries.

Shell Egg Trade

Over the decade to 2010, the volume of shell eggs traded internationally doubled from just under one million tonnes to more than two million tonnes (Table 1). After discounting the quantities of hatching eggs in the world total production, the percentage of shell eggs traded annually has actually grown from a shade under two per cent to more than three per cent.

In broad terms, Asia's shell egg exports and imports both currently amount to around 500,000 tonnes a year or roughly one-quarter of the world total.

The fragile nature of shell eggs generally ensures that they are transported over relatively short distances mainly, although not exclusively, to neighbouring countries.

The quantities exported by Asian countries increased two and a half times between 2000 and 2010 from 204,000 tonnes to 536,000 tonnes (Table 1). In 2010, this trade was dominated by just a handful of countries. In that year, for the first time, Turkey became the biggest exporter selling almost 132,000 tonnes (Table 1 and Figure 1). This country's exports have grown annually from a low of less than 4,000 tonnes in 2000. Of the 2010 trade, almost 95,000 tonnes went to Iraq, with a further 27,000 tonnes going to the Syrian Arab Republic. At least one report considers Turkish egg exports to have expanded further to around 225,000 tonnes in 2011.


Figure 1. Leading Asian shell egg exporters ('000 tonnes)
China used to be the largest exporter in this region but after sales had peaked at 135,000 tonnes in 2008, trade declined to 101,000 tonnes in 2010. Almost 83,500 tonnes (83 per cent) were purchased by Hong Kong in that year with an additional near 8,000 tonnes (eight per cent) going to Macao. As a result of domestic inflation, export prices have since risen such that they are currently close to those from the EU and US and so are no longer really competitive in export markets. As a consequence, China's exports are expected to have declined further.

The FAO trade data indicates that some 89,000 tonnes were exported from Malaysia in 2010, with Singapore the leading buyer, followed by Indonesia and Hong Kong.

Exports of fresh eggs from India peaked at a little more than 67,000 tonnes in 2007 but then declined to 35,000 tonnes in 2010. The indications are that they have since contracted again to around 25,000 tonnes in 2011, according to the International Egg Commission (IEC).

Regarding shell egg imports into Asia, almost 200,000 tonnes (41 per cent) were purchased by just one country in 2010 - Iraq (Table 2 and Figure 2). Sales to this outlet have leapt from a mere 4,000 tonnes in 2005. Nearly 62,000 tonnes (13 per cent) were imported by other Middle East countries while a further 95,000 tonnes (21 per cent) were bought by Hong Kong.


Figure 2. Leading Asian shell egg importers ('000 tonnes)
Trade in Dried Egg Products

The world trade in dried egg (excluding egg whites) accelerated rapidly at almost nine per cent a year between 2000 and 2007 from 34,000 tonnes to nearly 61,000 (Tables 3 and 4). Since then, growth has stagnated with the 2010 total amounting to less than 60,000 tonnes.

For Asia, exports of dried egg (again excluding egg whites) increased five-fold from 2,200 tonnes to close on 11,000 tonnes over the period 2006 to 2008 but since then, the volume has contracted to less than 8,000 tonnes in 2010, reflecting a reduction in sales from the two major traders, India and China.

India is the leading exporter shipments having climbed from less than 1,000 tonnes in 2000 to peak at 8,800 tonnes in 2006 but quantities have since slipped back to just 6,100 tonnes in 2010. The main buyers of Indian products in that year were Germany (1,398 tonnes, mostly yolk plus some whole), Denmark (1,019 tonnes of yolk and whole egg), the Netherlands (1,010 tonnes yolk and whole), Indonesia (921 tonnes mainly whole egg plus some yolk and a little whites), Japan (560 tonnes, whites), Vietnam (348 tonnes of whites) and Saudi Arabia (324 tonnes).

China's exports have exhibited a similar pattern having risen from a mere 111 tonnes in 2000 to nearly 3,500 tonnes in 2008 but they have since contracted to 1,500 tonnes. Leading buyers of Chinese dried egg in 2010 were Kazakhstan (575 tonnes), Japan (249 tonnes), the Republic of Korea (142 tonnes) and the Ukraine (84 tonnes).

On the import side of the trade balance sheet, the main buyer of dried egg products is easily Japan. As mentioned earlier, unfortunately this FAO data does not include dried egg whites of which Japan bought some 10,000 tonnes in 2010. In addition, this country purchased some 5,000 tonnes of other forms of dried egg, of which the US supplied nearly 4,000 tonnes and India 427 tonnes.

Indonesia purchased nearly 1,300 tonnes of dried egg although, in this instance, India was the main supplier with more than 900 tonnes.

The US was the number one seller to the Philippines, where total purchases amounted to 557 tonnes in 2010, Kazakhstan imported some 579 tonnes of dried egg in 2010 with China the main supplier.

Saudi Arabia purchased 544 tonnes mainly from the Ukraine, the US and India.

Trade in Liquid Egg Products

Some 270,000 tonnes of liquid egg is traded annually in Asian countries . Asia exports around 12,000 tonnes but imports more than 20,000 tonnes.

China and Thailand dominate the export trade in liquid egg in the region (Table 5), shipping some nearly 4,000 tonnes and 3,500 tonnes, respectively.

Although Japan is the major importer of liquid egg the quantities purchased over the decade declined from a peak of nearly 23,000 tonnes in 2005 to less than 10,000 tonnes in 2007-2010. In 2010, the US was the main supplier, followed by China, Thailand and Brazil (Table 6).

February 2013

Mustang Sally Farm

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Re: World Poultry News
« Reply #11 on: March 11, 2013, 11:02:45 AM »

VIV Asia 2013 Preview
03 March 2013

The organisers of VIV Asia 2013 trade show say they are extending the scope of the event to cover the whole theme 'Feed to Meat' as well as attracting visitors from throughout Asia and beyond for the event, which takes place in Bangkok, Thailand in March 2013.

'The world's most promising meeting point to boost your business from Feed to Meat'. That is the pledge made by the organisers of VIV Asia about the forthcoming 11th edition of the trade show.

Taking place from 13 to 15 March 2013 at the BITEC exhibition centre in Bangkok, the show no longer just focuses on Thailand and its neighbouring countries, they say, but it now extends to the whole of the Far East and the Middle East, Australia, New Zealand and Africa.

The last edition of VIV Asia, in 2011, attracted 29,000 visitors from more than 100 countries and the wider scope of this year's event is predicted to raise attendance further.

Special Themes

Three Special Themes are included alongside the trade show this time.

VIV Animal Health Summit Asia 2013

A special feature of the forthcoming VIV Asia is the VIV Animal Health Summit on Thursday 14 March that will focus on reducing the use of antibiotics in livestock production.

Antibiotics are still widely used in food animal production in many parts of the world. Their use includes the prevention of bacterial infections and because of low costs and availability of some without prescription, antibiotics can be an often used medication. The widespread occurrence of multi-resistant bacteria is becoming a threat for future human and animal health. One consequence of this is that humans get scared and question whether it is safe to eat meat and eggs.

'How to deal with this problem and the safety of meat and eggs in Asian markets' is the theme of the VIV Animal Health Summit Asia.

For more information on the Summit, click here.

MeatTech 2013

MeatTech Asia 2013 is a new feature for this edition of the show, presenting international suppliers active in technology to slaughter and process pig and poultry meat.

Throughout Asia, the demand for equipment and new technology has experienced a massive boost as slaughterhouse operators and meat processors search for efficient systems to speed up processing, manage food safety and reduce costs in terms of manpower, floor space and energy. Opportunities associated with the launch of the Asean Economic Community in 2015 are also fostering increased investment and upgrading of processing and packaging lines. Already some equipment suppliers have seen of sales of cooking equipment in Thailand double as producers opt for complete solutions that offer better yields rather than stand-alone machines.

It is these advances that will be addresses at MeatTech Asia 2013. This special feature consists of a presentation of 25 suppliers at the exhibition, representing some 40 leading brands of equipment for slaughtering and meat processing.

In addition to the MeatTech Pavilion at the exhibition, 'Asian Meat' Magazine (a publication of Asian Agribiz) and VIV present a conference on 13 and 14 March, running each day from 14:00hr to 16:00hr. Topic for both conferences will be 'Automation in Action', with the following participating companies: Ducool, Foodmat, FPT Food Process Technology, Linco Food Sytems, Lima S.A.S. and Marel Stork Poultry Processing.

On the same days, a selection of companies will present their vision on the contribution of automation to specific items of meat slaughter, processing and packaging equipment. Each company has 10 minutes to present its vision and solutions, followed by a closing 20-minute question session.

For more information on the MeatTech Conference, click here.

CropTech-FeedTech 2013

This event has been specially developed for the Asia-Pacific feed milling industries.

Throughout Asia, investments continue in technology and equipment for the Milling, Processing, Storage and Handling of raw materials to produce Feed. The rapidly growing population, the increased level of income and the focus on food safety requires significant investments. In particular China, Viet Nam, India and Indonesia pose a world of opportunities.

In 2011, for almost 5,000 visitors dedicated to feed milling throughout Asia, Africa and the Middle East, the 2011 edition of VIV Asia was a serious breakthrough. Feed milling has developed itself into a strong segment on its own whilst benefitting from VIV's complete 'Feed to Meat' concept. Of all VIV Asia 2011 visitors, more than 12,500 indicated their interest in feed milling technology so international feed manufacturing professionals now clearly mark VIV Asia as an important industry event.

At this point in time, all global market leaders have confirmed their participation for VIV Asia 2013, many of them with significantly larger booths. The space allocated for CropTech-FeedTech Asia 2013 has been extended as a result.

For more information on CropTech-FeedTech 2013, click here.

Other Events at VIV Asia

VIV Asia 2013 offers a wide-ranging seminar and conference programme supported by a range of stakeholders, trade and industry authorities and knowledge institutes.

The VIV Main Conference will cover a range of developments in the animal protein sector. Taking a cross-speciee approach, this CEO-level conference will present developments in feed manufacturing, poultry breeding, pig breeding and aquaculture.

Federation of Asian Veterinary Associations (FAVA) will be holding a seminar with the theme, 'Holistic Approaches to the Livestock Industry in the ASEAN Chapter', featuring international speakers, in the English and Thai languages.

The local branch in the World's Poultry Science Association (WPSA) will hold two parallel sessions - in English - on the poultry industry, one coveirng incubation and poultry health, while the other will be about economics and feeding.

The International Poultry Council Conference will hold its first meeting of 2013 in Bangkok on 11 and 12 March. The programme includes speakers from Rabobank International, G&S AgriConsulting and other leading international organisations.

'Sustainability of the poultry industry' is the theme of a presentation from the International Egg Commission.

As part of the Partner Country Program, there will be seminars focusing on the positioning and competitiveness of the Indonesian poultry and aquatic industries in Asia and investment opportunities in the Philippines' livestock industry.

For full details about VIV Asia and its events programme, click here.

Sponsors and Partners of ThePoultrySite can be found at the following stand numbers: Aviagen, H101.Q002; Big Dutchman, H102.J002; Biomin, H106.F010; Ceva, H104.C002 and H104.C019; CID Lines, H104.B070; Cobb, H102.M002; Groupe Grimaud and Hubbard, H102.L032; Hy-Line International, H101.S002; Merial, H104.C082; MSD Animal Health, H104.B048; Novartis, H104.C048; Pas Reform, H103.G032; Petersime, H103.H002; Vencomatic, H101.R002 and Zoetis (formerly Pfizer), H104.A002.

March 2013

Mustang Sally Farm

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Re: World Poultry News
« Reply #12 on: March 24, 2013, 11:49:31 PM »
USDA International Egg and Poultry

Reports» USDA International Egg and Poultry» USDA International Egg and Poultry: Brazil

20 March 2013
USDA International Egg and Poultry: Brazil
Brazil’s broiler production is expected to recover and grow 2% in 2013 after a 1% decline in 2012. General opinion among trade sources is that Brazil’s economic growth is expected to recover from the poor result of 2012 and that estimated record Brazilian soybean and corn crops should help to mitigate the impact of rising feed costs.

However, sources also identify other concerns that can adversely affect the poultry sector this year: a) squeezed profit margins for producers and processors due to rising feed costs may continue through the first half of this year; b) the high level of consumer debt in Brazil may also undercut domestic demand of animal proteins in general, and c) broiler exports are forecast to increase slowly because of the continued uncertainties in the world economy.

Brazil Broiler Meat PSD in 1,000 MT

Source: Foreign Agricultural Service, Official USDA Estimates
The increase in the cost of broiler production in 2012 is estimated at a record of nearly 40 percent, while the producer price during the same period increased by 46 percent. These reference prices are for Parana state, the largest broiler producer in Brazil with a market share of nearly 28 percent of total broiler slaughter. The increase in the cost of production is basically due to higher feed costs, mostly corn and soybean meal.
Broiler exports are expected to increase by 3% in 2013, driven by higher sales of whole broilers, in general, and chicken parts to China and Hong Kong in particular. Trade sources also expect higher exports to Egypt and Iraq. Brazilian exporters currently have three major concerns affecting the outlook for broiler exports in 2013: a) despite the recent devaluation of the Brazilian currency, higher production costs of broilers during the second half of 2012 and first half of 2013 are expected to impact on the cost of exports; b) uncertainties derived from the world financial crisis, mostly in Europe, and its impact on importing markets will slow growth; and c) specific trade issues with major trading partners such as the Russian Federation (slow relisting of Brazilian poultry plants), Venezuela (payment defaults) and South Africa (application of antidumping tariffs on Brazilian broiler of 62.92% on whole broilers and 46.59% on chicken parts) will continue to negatively affect performance.

Brazil Broiler Meat Exports, in Metric Tons

Note: It includes HTS Codes: 0207.11; 0207.12; 0207.13; 0207.14; 1602.32. Quantity in Product Weight Equivalent (PWE)
Brazil exported broilers to 152 markets in 2012, of which nearly half went to five markets (Saudi Arabia, Japan, Hong Kong, United Arab Emirates, and China). Markets with major increases in 2012 included Egypt, which rose from 72,075 MT in 2011 to 119,326 MT in 2012 and South Korea, which grew from 25,562 MT to 65,296 MT during the same period.

Brazil Meat Consumption

Turkey production is projected to increase by 2% in 2012, mostly driven by a continued growth in exports. Rising feed costs combined with a slowdown in the growth of domestic demand are the main factors currently affecting production growth.

Brazil Turkey Meat PSD in 1,000 MT

Source: Foreign Agricultural Service, Official USDA Estimates
Turkey exports are projected to continue to grow in 2013, but at a reduced rate of growth as the European Union is likely to slow imports from Brazil. In 2012, Brazil exported a record of 170,000 metric tons of turkey, of which the European Union accounted for nearly half of all exports.

Brazil Turkey Meat Exports, in metric tons

Note: It includes HTS Codes: 0207.24; 0207.25; 0207.26; 0207.27; 1602.31
Source: USDA FAS GAIN Reports BR 0901 and BR 0801

Mustang Sally Farm

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Re: World Poultry News
« Reply #13 on: March 30, 2013, 09:11:47 AM »

Weekly Overview: Significant Advances Made in Disease Control
28 March 2013

ANALYSIS - Scientists in the UK have developed a new synthetic vaccine, which is being hailed as the start of a new era in vaccine development. A probiotic undergoing testing as a measure to control necrotic enteritis, and it has been established that MRSA can be transferred from animals to humans. Low-path bird flu has been discovered in the Netherlands and Germany. A new study examines global water use and steps to address water scarcity, and EU labelling laws for foods - including poultry meat - are set to get a lot more complicated.

A new synthetic vaccine could signal a new era in vaccine development. These latest developments are the result of collaborative research between Professor David Stuart, University of Oxford, and Dr Bryan Charleston, Head of Livestock Viral Diseases Programme at The Pirbright Institute.

They have developed an entirely synthetic vaccine that triggers response through minute protein shells.

According to its developers, the development is 'the holy grail' of vaccines as it means that treatments can be developed without relying on the growth of live infectious virus. This will help reduce diseases spreading to disease-free areas and could also alter how viruses from the same family are fought, such as polio.

A strain of probiotic bacteria that can fight harmful bacterial infections in poultry has the ability to change its coat, according to new findings from the Institute of Food Research.

The probiotic is currently being taken forward through farm-scale trials to evaluate how well it combats Clostridium perfringens - a cause of necrotic enteritis in poultry and the second most common cause of food poisoning in the UK.

A new study has shown that MRSA - methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus - can be transmitted from animals to humans.

The study, entitled 'Whole genome sequencing identifies zoonotic transmission of MRSA isolates with the novel mecA homologue mecC', by researchers in the UK and Denmark, also shows the potential of whole genome sequencing in epidemiological investigations and source tracking of bacterial infections.

In the US, campaigning congresswoman, Louise Slaughter, has welcomed the research and has called on the US authorities to react by reducing the use of antibiotics in livestock.

Turning to other topics, last week, last Friday, 22 March, was World Water Day. It is held each year as a means of focusing attention on the importance of freshwater and advocating for the sustainable management of freshwater resources.

At the same time as events were taking place around the world to mark the occasion and to highlight the importance and need for water sustainability, the Worldwatch Institute released a study examining global water use and steps to address water scarcity.

The complexities of food labelling regulations for European food producers and those exporting to the European Union are about to become a whole lot more complex.

Jackie Linden - Senior Editor

Mustang Sally Farm

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Re: World Poultry News
« Reply #14 on: April 01, 2013, 11:16:12 AM »

Two die in China from a new bird flu strain: Xinhua
Reuters – 19 hours ago..

.View Photo.
A customer carries a chicken bought from a poultry market in Kunming, Yunnan province …

SHANGHAI (Reuters) - Two people in Shanghai, one of China's largest cities, died this month after contracting a strain of avian influenza that had never been passed to humans before, the official Xinhua News Agency reported on Sunday.
The two men, aged 87 and 27, became sick late February and died in early March. Another woman in nearby Anhui province also contracted the virus in early March and is in a critical condition, Xinhua said, quoting the National Health and Family Planning Commission (NHFPC).
The strain of the bird flu virus found in all three people was identified as H7N9, which had not been transmitted to humans before, the commission said.
The three cases were confirmed to be human infection of the H7N9 strain by experts from the NHFPC, based on clinical observation, laboratory tests and epidemiological surveys, Xinhua said.
All three cases showed symptoms of fever and coughs that later developed into pneumonia.
Calls to the NHFPC on Sunday were not answered.
It is unclear how the three victims were infected. The virus does not seem highly contagious because no health abnormalities were detected among 88 of the victims' close contacts, Xinhua quoted the commission as saying.
There are no known vaccines against the H7N9 virus.
(Reporting by Melanie Lee; Editing by Paul Tait)


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