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Mustang Sally Farm

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Re: World Hog news:
« Reply #690 on: January 21, 2014, 05:40:31 AM »

Pork Commentary: Global Hog Price Update
14 January 2014


Jim Long is President &
CEO of Genesus Genetics.


GLOBAL - The US exports about 25 per cent of its pork production and Canada 50 per cent. Both countries have significant price dependence from Global Pork Export demand. We always believe hog prices in each significant importing country is a barometer of where USA-Canada exports are trending and we use these as an indicator of how we feel the USA-Canada hog prices will be moving, writes Jim Long in this week's Pork Commentary.

Our most recent snap shot tells us on a US dollar and liveweight by the pound that all countries currently have higher prices that both Canada and USA.

It doesn’t take a rocket scientist to see that 60¢/lb. in the USA is significantly lower that anywhere but Canada. The higher prices, in each of the other countries is an obvious reflection of supply and demand. Also their consumers are paying significantly more for pork than US-Canada consumers. Consumer will and are paying for Pork at high prices!

China for example: Market hogs are bringing at least $100 more per head than USA. It’s obvious that pork brought and sent from USA would be competitively priced. Any enterprising capitalist will be figuring on capturing the spread. Ditto Russia & Mexico, both are major pork importing countries.

 

Brazil is a major exporter of Pork. Their price at 72¢ versus 60¢ (USA) is higher. Brazil does not have cheaper pork to export. We expect as we get through January the USA hog price will rapidly rise to Brazil’s price.

Bottom-line: We expect as we look at the hog prices in Major importing countries that USA-Canada exports will stay strong in 2014. This will support the price of hogs in USA-Canada.

PED

Last Saturday the Wall Street Journal did a feature on PED. Of course few of us read the Wall Street Journal, as it is for the gentrified of the East Coast (We got an article sent to us). What the article talked about is PED will mean fewer pigs and pork, which will probably lead to record retail pork prices this coming summer. Couple that with record beef prices, the American consumer will almost pay as much for Pork as the people of Russia, China, Mexico, Japan, etc. do now. Of course the GDP per capita in the United States which should mean more consumers buying power is significantly higher that where people are buying pork in markets at $1.00 US b. liveweight now.

PED continues to move with over 2,000 officially reported cases. We expect that many are not reported, there is no mandatory reporting and when all your baby pigs are dying, you don’t need to have a lab tell you why. WE expect that when the dust settles on PED the US will have lost at least 5 million pigs from PED (mid 2013-2014). Currently Canada has seen no PED cases. We believe the 5 million fewer hogs will have added $10-20 of value on a market hog. (This includes the extra carcass weight of current hogs)

Minnesota and Iowa Pork Congress

We will be at the Genesus Exhibits at Minnesota this week and Iowa next. We look forward to you visiting and giving your opinion on our industry. Genesus is also having a reception on the Wednesday of the Iowa Pork Congress, please come, visit and have a drink on us.

Canadian Dollar

The Canadian Dollar a year ago was worth more that the US dollar ($1.01). Last Friday it closed at 91.75¢ to the US Dollar. Canada’s hog industry was not competitive with the US at a par dollar. The drop in US Dollar is a very positive win for Canadian hog producers. With Canada’s hog price tied to the US hog price, Canada exports 50 per cent of its pork production (priced US dollars), labour cost, electricity, taxes etc. stay in Canadian but the hog price moves higher. For example a load of feeder pigs sold for $92.00 US per pig, when converted into Canadian dollars is $100 per pig, $8.00 more. Many expect the Canadian dollar will continue to decline relative to the US dollar. We believe 85¢ is where it will go. A much needed win for Canadian hog producers.


Mustang Sally Farm

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Re: World Hog news:
« Reply #691 on: January 25, 2014, 09:20:29 AM »

Description of Organic Pig Production in Europe
Wednesday, January 22, 2014


In a study of organic pig systems in eight European countries, researchers found wide variations, especially in terms of access to outdoor areas.

With the aim to identify health and welfare strategies in organic pig production, Barbara Früh from the Swiss Research Institute of Organic Agriculture and other scientists from across Europe have described the different organic production systems in eight European countries- Austria, Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, Sweden, Switzerland and UK.

Their description, published in Organic Agriculture, was based on the following features:
•numbers of organic farms and organic pigs
•market shares
•housing and management characteristics
•feeding characteristics
•main health problems, and
•relevant differences to the EU regulation existing at the time of the project.

The results were primarily based on statistics, country-specific regulations as well as on expert and stakeholder interviews.

The group found that organic farming and organic pig production are rapidly developing in European countries. The European country with the highest number of organic pigs is Germany. However, organic pig production represents a minor part of the whole pig production in all surveyed countries.

All features that were analysed varied greatly between countries, the group found.

Früh and co-authors commented that the most striking variation is in the housing of pigs, which varies from completely outdoors on pasture for most UK farms to permanent indoor housing with access to an outdoor run - during part of their life - for most organic pig farms in German-speaking countries.

Reference

Früh B., D. Bochicchio, S. Edwards, L. Hegelund, C. Leeb, A. Sundrum, S. Werne, S. Wiberg and A. Prunier. 2013. Description of organic pig production in Europe. Organic Agriculture. November 2013.


Mustang Sally Farm

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Re: World Hog news:
« Reply #692 on: January 29, 2014, 08:30:52 AM »

Mexico Declared Free of Aujeszky's Disease
28 January 2014

MEXICO - For the hog production sector, valued at 473 million pesos, the Secretariat of Agriculture, Livestock, Rural Development, Fisheries and Food (SAGARPA) has declared Mexico free of Aujeszky's disease.

This declaration favours the marketing of pigs and their products as well as by-products, a situation that will impact positively on the development of swine production in the state, since it will become more competitive and profitable.

The Federal Government, through the National Health Service, Food Safety and Quality (SENASICA), and in coordination with the Government of Mexico and pork producers, conducted health measures for diagnosis, control, eradication and epidemiologically - active and passive - surveillance of the disease.

The absence of the diseases was deduced through epidemiological surveys conducted in 100 per cent of pig farms in production, as well as a statistically representative sample of confirmed swine in backyards.

These tasks were carried out in accordance with the objectives and procedures established by the Amendment to Mexican Official Standard NOM-007-ZOO-1994 National Campaign against Aujeszky's disease, published in the Official Gazette on 15 August 1996.

Mustang Sally Farm

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Re: World Hog news:
« Reply #693 on: February 10, 2014, 10:58:18 AM »
News


US, Brazil Prohibited from Exporting Pork to Russia, Reports Rabobank
07 February 2014
Rabobank

GLOBAL - With the closure of Russia’s borders to EU pork last week due to the discovery of African Swine Fever in two wild boars in Lithuania, Rabobank’s Q1 2014 outlook on the EU pork market is less positive.

Russia is an important import market, accounting for 25 per cent of EU pork exports in 2013 alone.

The majority of exported products are at the lower-valued end, which are important for the total carcass valuation.

While the impact of the ban remains to be seen, and the length as yet undetermined, pork prices have already seen a drop.

The start of the Winter Olympics may see the Russian authorities reopen the border to EU pork, but this remains uncertain.

Globally, the impact on export markets will be limited as the US and Brazil are already prohibited from exporting to Russia.

Mustang Sally Farm

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Re: World Hog news:
« Reply #694 on: February 18, 2014, 01:21:43 AM »

Weekly Overview: Chinese Government Policy and Opportunities for Pork Exports
17 February 2014


GLOBAL - A new report looks at the development of agriculture in China, which includes government encouragement for large, modern farms of all types, writes Jackie Linden. At a recent conference, the UK's farming minister talked about the great potential for pig meat exports to countries such as China. Meanwhile, there have been new cases of African Swine Fever in Russia and in Canada, Porcine Epidemic Diarrhoea has now been reported in a second province, Manitoba.

According to a recent report from Rabobank – 'New Chinese Agricultural Policy' – new policy adjustments in China will address balancing the pace of urban and rural development, usher the adoption of mechanisation and new technology in the agricultural system, and facilitate the timely transfer of land use rights in order to create economies of scale.

“Agriculture has been the backbone of the Chinese economy for thousands of years,” states Rabobank analyst, Chenjun Pan.

“The pressures associated with feeding a population of 1.3 billion has meant that the domestic agricultural industry is strategically important to national food security. The decisive and supportive role of the Government in agricultural development in China has facilitated new growth in food demand, and farmers’ incomes are expected to grow faster than ever before.”

Agricultural development has always been impacted by policy, according to the report.

From a land perspective, China’s current agricultural system is based on small-scale production. This fragmented and uncoordinated supply chain cannot meet urban requirements for food safety and quality, yet small farmers are responsible for the majority of agricultural output.

This has driven the establishment of large commercial farms where both standardised operation and government monitoring is easier. Rabobank expects these farms to continue growing rapidly. Increasing the average scale of household farms to a level at which modern agricultural practices can be adopted will be therefore be key.

Thanks to the Government’s framework for the regulation of land use rights transfer, large areas of land can now be planted collectively, greatly facilitating mechanisation and enhancing efficiency and productivity.

New types of farming organisations, such as cooperatives, family farms and specialised large farms, have emerged since land use rights transfer has become possible. The coexistence of these new types of farms has quickly become a new, important source of agricultural production.

Meat and dairy exports present a huge opportunity for the UK food sector particularly with new markets opening up in countries such as India and China.

Agriculture minister George Eustice, speaking at the AHDB Outlook Conference in London last week, said that exports offer great opportunities for British agriculture particularly with a growing global population demanding more food.

He said he was hopeful on new opportunities for UK pork exports into regions outside of the EU in countries such as China.

On the domestic market, the minister said that consumers are now asking more questions about the origins of the food they eat and supermarkets are taking note of the consumer demand to know where the food comes from.

To this end, they are changing their approach and offering more locally sourced foods so that consumers do not have to only visit the farm shop to buy products that are locally produced.

Turning to news of pig diseases, the Office of Chief Veterinary Officer (CVO) has confirmed the first case of the Porcine Epidemic Diarrhoea in Manitoba, following previous outbreaks in Ontario.

Also in the last week, African Swine Fever has been confirmed in a total of nine wild boar found dead in the Rostov and Tula regions of western Russia.

Mustang Sally Farm

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Re: World Hog news:
« Reply #695 on: March 12, 2014, 08:33:15 AM »

Feed Phosphate Market Driven by Growth in Poultry, Pork Production
11 March 2014

GLOBAL - The world market for feed phosphates was estimated to be worth $4.6 billion in 2013 and is expected to reach $5.3 billion by 2018, according to a new market report.

The global market for feed phosphates, in terms of revenue, was estimated to be worth $4,620.3 million in 2013 and is expected to reach $5,328.3 million by 2018, growing at the compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 2.9 per cent, according to a report from MarketsandMarkets.

Leading manufacturers are focusing on expansion of their feed phosphate business across regions and setting up new plant so as to increase production capacity as well as strengthen their product line. Prominent industry participants are involved in acquisitions to penetrate untapped markets.

The demand driving factors of the feed phosphate market are industrialisation in pork and poultry businesses, increasing meat production, and awareness of proper supplemental diet for animals, according to the report.

Crucial restraints of the industry are the increasing cost of phosphate and unavailability of phosphate reserves. However, the increasing use of feed products is creating opportunities for the feed phosphate grades. Environmental concerns and regulatory ban over some harmful additives are other opportunities for animal feed additives. The manufacturers are developing innovative production techniques to increase production capacity and make it cost-efficient.

The report, Feed Phosphate Market by Type (Dicalcium phosphate, Monocalcium phosphate, Tricalcium phosphate, Defluorinated phosphate & Others), by Livestock (Swine, Cattle, Poultry, Aquatic Animals & Others), by Geography - Global Trends & Forecasts to 2018, defines and segments the global feed phosphate market with analysis and projection of the global revenue for the market. It also identifies the driving and restraining factors in the global market with analysis of trends, opportunities, burning issues, winning imperatives, and challenges.

The market is segmented and revenue is projected on the basis of main regions such as North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of the World. The key countries are covered and their market is forecasted for each region. The market is segmented and revenue is forecasted on the basis of types, livestock, and geography.

Feed phosphates are nutritive supplements which are added as a source of calcium and phosphorus in the diet of animals. They are used for various purposes such as to enhance the growth of the animals, by strengthening bones of animals, efficient functioning of nervous system, improving metabolism, and improving digestibility of feed. Thus, feed phosphates added so as to result in healthy livestock, which are used for consumption as meat and breeding.

The important feed phosphates discussed are dicalcium phosphate, monocalcium phosphate, mono-dicalcium phosphate and tricalcium phosphate, according to the report. These feed phosphates are supplemented with the feed in varying quantities, depending on the livestock as well

Mustang Sally Farm

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Re: World Hog news:
« Reply #696 on: March 15, 2014, 09:03:46 AM »

Review of Sow and Piglet Behaviour and Performance in Group Housing Systems for Lactating Sows
Tuesday, March 11, 2014


Studying multi-suckling and 'get-away' systems, researchers at Wageningen University found that both offered more opportunity for sows to express natural behaviour than individual housing systems, and there were also advantages for the piglets. Selection of suitable sows and the quality of the stockmanship were important for success, they commented.

In a paper in the journal, Animal, S.E. van Nieuwamerongen and colleagues at Wageningen University in the Netherlands explain that the commercial use of group housing systems for lactating sows is limited but the recent transition to group housing during gestation in the EU may result in a renewed interest in such systems.

They have reviewed the key factors that may contribute to the success or failure of group housing of lactating sows in comparison with individual housing by describing the variety in group housing systems and discussing animal behaviour and performance compared with individual housing.

Group housing systems can be divided in multi-suckling (MS) systems, in which sows are grouped with their litters, and get-away (GA) systems, which include a separate communal area accessible to sows only.

These systems differ in many aspects regarding management and lay-out but, compared with individual housing, they generally provide more environmental complexity, more freedom of movement for the sows and more freedom to express behaviours related to, for example, maternal care and social interactions.

Group housing poses several risks, such as disrupted nursing and an increased level of crushing during the MS phase and in the GA systems, there is a risk for early cessation of nursing.

On the other hand, pre-weaning mingling of litters clearly benefits piglet social development and may improve adaptation to the post-weaning situation.

In addition, group-housed sows may show lactational ovulation, which provides opportunities for insemination during an extended lactation period, which benefits the piglets.

Gradual transitions in social and physical environment around gestation, farrowing, grouping and weaning seem to be key success factors for group housing systems during lactation, the researchers concluded.

They added that selection of suitable sows and quality of stockmanship seem important.

Reference

van Nieuwamerongen S.E., J. E. Bolhuis, C.M.C. van der Peet-Schwering and N.M. Soede. 2014. A review of sow and piglet behaviour and performance in group housing systems for lactating sows.

Mustang Sally Farm

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Re: World Hog news:
« Reply #697 on: March 18, 2014, 04:34:42 AM »

Australian Pig Meat: Outlook to 2018-19
Friday, March 14, 2014


Pig prices are forecast to fall in 2014–15, reflecting higher supply as imports rise, according to Clay Mifsud in the 'Agricultural Commodities' report from the Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Economics and Sciences (ABARES) for the March Quarter 2014.

While exports are forecast to rise in 2014-15, they will remain a small part of the industry at around 15 per cent of production.

Over the medium term, pig prices are projected to decline in response to increased imports.

Australia pig meat ABARES

The Australian weighted average over-the-hooks price of pigs is forecast to increase by seven per cent in 2013-14 to 305 cents a kilogram (dressed weight). This reflects increased demand for locally produced pig meat in the domestic processing sector.

The total supply of pig meat in Australia in 2013-14 is expected to fall, as a forecast decline in imports is expected to more than offset a small forecast increase in domestic production.

In 2014-15, the weighted average over-the-hooks price of pigs is forecast to decline by one per cent to 302 Australian cents a kilogram. The total supply of pig meat in Australia is forecast to rise as a result of increasing imports. This is expected to result in increased competition for local producers who supply the domestic pig meat processing sector.

Over the medium term, pig prices are projected to decline gradually, to 261 cents a kilogram by 2018-19 (in 2013-14 dollars). Downward pressure on pig prices over the medium term reflects a gradual increase in competition from imports of pig meat destined for processing. Imports from North America and the European Union are projected to remain competitively priced, despite the assumption of a weaker Australian dollar over the medium term.


Table 1. Outlook for pig meat

 

2011-12

2012-13
f

2013-14
z

2014-15
z

2015-16
z

2016-17
z

2017-18
z

2018-19
z

Over the hook price a                 
 - nominal, A¢/kg 281.0 285.0 305.0 302.0 300.0 300.0 298.0 295.0
 - real b, A¢/kg 294.0 291.0 305.0 295.0 286.0 279.0 270.0 261.0
Slaughterings, '000 4,733 4,745 4,802 4,800 4,850 4,900 4,950 5,000
Production c, '000 tonnes 351.0 356.0 362.0 362.0 365.0 368.0 371.0 374.0
Consumption per person, kg 25.4 26.0 25.7 25.9 26.0 26.2 26.5 26.8
Import volume d, '000 tonnes 141.9 152.3 137.0 145.0 150.0 155.0 160.0 165.0
Export volume de, '000 tonnes 29.4 26.2 27.1 28.0 29.0 30.0 30.0 30.0
Export value                 
 - nominal A$ million 100.1 81.2 85.0 88.2 90.7 93.3 92.5 92.4
 - real b, A$ million 104.6 83.0 85.0 86.2 86.6 86.8 83.9 81.8
a Dressed wt; b In 2013-14 A$; c Carcass wt; d Shipped wt; e Excludes preserved pig meat
f ABARES forecast; z ABARES projection
Sources ABARES, Australian Bureau of Statistics

Production to Rise over Medium Term

Australian pig meat production is forecast to rise by two per cent in 2013-14 to 362,000 tonnes. Lower imports have resulted in upward pressure on pig prices, leading to increased returns from production. Over the first six months of 2013-14, the pig-to-wheat and pig-to-barley price ratios (indicators of returns from pig production) averaged 12 per cent and 19 per cent higher, year-on-year.

In 2014-15 production is forecast to remain steady at around 362,000 tonnes. With competition from imports forecast to rise in 2014-15 and domestic feed grain prices assumed to stay high, it is unlikely that domestic production will expand.

Pig meat production is projected to rise gradually over the medium term, increasing to 374,000 tonnes by 2018-19. Over this period, more domestic production is expected to be directed to the fresh pig meat market. This is under the assumption that the fresh meat market will remain closed to imports because of biosecurity concerns, while the processed pig meat sector will remain open to competition from imports. Currently, all imported pig meat must be processed before sale, usually into bacon, ham or small goods.

Australia pig meat ABARES

Domestic Consumption to Rise over Medium Term

Australian per person pig meat consumption increased by 16 per cent over the 10 years to 2012-13 to an average of 26kg. Pig meat imports, as a share of domestic pig meat consumption, grew from 27 per cent in 2003-04 to an estimated 47 per cent in 2013-14. Over the medium term, average per-person consumption of pig meat is projected to rise to around 27kg in 2018-19.

Imports

Deboned pig meat imports are allowed into Australia from approved countries subject to specific import conditions. Because of quarantine restrictions, all fresh pig meat sold in Australia is domestically produced.

In 2013-14 Australian pig meat imports are forecast to fall by 10 per cent to 137,000 tonnes (shipped weight), reflecting lower imports from the United States. US pig prices averaged 10 per cent higher, year-on-year, over the first six months of 2013-14. Pig meat imports from Canada and Denmark have been largely unchanged.

In 2014-15, Australian pig meat imports are forecast to increase by six per cent to 145,000 tonnes. An increase in imports from the United States is forecast because US pig prices are expected to fall from their peak in 2013-14. Imports from Denmark and Canada are forecast to be steady. Over the medium term, Australian pig meat imports are projected to increase gradually, reaching 165,000 tonnes by 2018-19.

Australia pig meat ABARES

Exports to Rise Marginally to 2018-19

Australian pig meat exports are forecast to increase by three per cent in 2013-14 to around 27,000 tonnes (shipped weight), with Singapore and New Zealand the largest markets. The assumed lower Australian dollar is likely to make Australian pig meat more price competitive in export markets. Over the medium term, Australian pig meat exports are projected to rise, reaching 30,000 tonnes by 2018–19.

Mustang Sally Farm

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Re: World Hog news:
« Reply #698 on: March 19, 2014, 02:42:24 AM »

Report Finds African Swine Fever Spread Hard to Control in Wild Boar
18 March 2014

EU - In its assessment of possible methods to control the spread of African Swine Fever in Europe's wild boar population, the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) finds hunting and artificial feeding unlikely to be effective, while it recommends a feasibility study on fencing.

EFSA prepared its scientific report has been prepared in response to a request for urgent scientific and technical assistance under Art 31 of Regulation (EC) No 178/2002, in relation to possible mitigation measures to prevent introduction and spread of African swine fever virus (ASFV).

Specifically, it was requested to assess the feasibility to drastically reduce the wild boar population by hunting or by the use of traps, and to assess if prevention of movement of wild boars by feeding or by artificial physical barriers reduces the risk of spread of ASFV.

A review of the scientific literature on hunting and trapping of wild boar revealed that hunting and trapping has never achieved a drastic reduction in a wild boar population in Europe. Depopulation efforts can lead to adaptive behaviour of the hunted wild boar, compensatory growth of the population and the influx of wild boar from adjacent areas.

Introduction of ASFV through wild boar is a form of progressive spread of ASFV through the same wild boar meta-population, i.e. through direct or indirect contact transmission of ASFV between wild boar. Considering the above, drastic hunting is not a tool to reduce the risk for introduction and spread of ASFV in wild boar populations.

Furthermore, wild boar density thresholds for introduction, spread and persistence of ASFV in the wild boar populations are impossible to establish. This is due to the uncertainty on the extent of the spread and maintenance of ASFV in wild boar populations, the bias in population datasets and the complex population structures and dynamics. If depopulation attempts were to be undertaken, these can even increase transmission and facilitate progressive geographical spread of ASFV. It is well known that intensive hunting pressure on wild boar population leads to dispersal of groups and individuals.

Artificial feeding of wild boar might rather increase than reduce the risk of ASFV spread. Fencing can restrict wild boar movement but the practical feasibility of implementing (emergency) fencing in North East Europe is not clear at the moment. Better knowledge on the ASF epidemiologic situation and spatial distribution of the wild boars is required to identify the areas where fencing could be used as one element of a control programme and to assess the feasibility of its implementation.

African swine fever is a viral disease that is harmless to humans but deadly to pigs, and wild boar. At the end of January, Poland and Lithuania reported cases of African swine fever in wild boar.

Mustang Sally Farm

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Re: World Hog news:
« Reply #699 on: March 26, 2014, 12:54:49 AM »

Better Meat Quality with Duroc Genetics
24 March 2014
Genesus - The first power in genetics

GLOBAL - Duroc genetics contribute towards improved meat quality, according to Lorne and Vicki Tannas, swine specialists and nucleus support for Genesus farms in China.



Lorne and Vick Tannas are swine specialists and nucleus support for Genesus farms in China.

The March/April 2014 issue of Pig International features an article "Duroc Genetics Improves Meat Quality" by Zoe Kay. To those of us who have been using Duroc for 15 to 20 years in our breeding programme this is not a surprise. What is a surprise, is it has taken white breeds this long to realize that lean does not mean better, write Lorne and Vicki Tannas, swine specialists and nucleus support for Genesus farms in China.

In the 90’s I worked at the Lacombe Research Center where white sows were bred with backfat levels of 9 mm to see what adverse effects it had on reproduction. The other side effect was that the markets also became extremely lean. People would refuse to participate in focus groups and on taste panels because of the tough, tasteless meat they were given to feed their families with. This is not what any producer wants to hear.

Zoe points out that Japanese and Asian markets have long prized the Duroc for its meat eating quality. The pigs have a higher level of intramuscular fat which results in a marbling effect. The meat is also darker in color, lower drip loss and slightly higher pH. Duroc have slightly higher back fat and are reported to be tastier and with a lower bite resistance. Zoe points out that other European companies have tried to use other rare breed blood lines in their programmes but have had no effect on meat quality. The Duroc was originally bred to capitalize on their productivity of fast growing, vigorous piglets. The resulting pork has superior eating qualities, which is noted to be more succulent in taste panels.

The Duroc is a terminal sire line. This means they are not bred for litter size and tend to have small litters compared to white breeds. As the proportion of Duroc genes increases, lean carcass content decreases and backfat level increases. Studies on 0 per cent, 25 per cent and 50 per cent Duroc genes have been performed. Results show that it takes 50 per cent or greater to see this significant meat quality improvement. This means the pure Red Duroc is the choice for sire on female white breeds with larger litters. The White Duroc, which is generally a Duroc crossed with a York or a Landrace does not allow for enough of the Duroc gene to improve meat quality.

When I was a kid growing up in the 60’s it took 98 days for a chicken to reach 1.6 kgs. Today the chicken takes 37 days to reach 1.6 kgs. The poultry producers have done a great job of reducing costs of production. The problem with this strategy the chicken has become the tofu of meats. Tasteless and lacking in texture, without 7 special spices it would have no flavor at all. Pork does not have to do this. Duroc breeders have learned that they can reduce days to market but retain intramuscular fat content by a strong genetic selection programme. Some better companies are seeing a reduction of 2 days to market every year on Duroc in their programme while increasing intramuscular fat content as well.

"Utilizing Duroc genetics makes sense as a consistent and a commercially viable way to produce Quality Pork." Zoe Kay.

Mustang Sally Farm

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Re: World Hog news:
« Reply #700 on: April 05, 2014, 07:48:37 AM »

Mexico Hog Markets
04 April 2014
Genesus - The first power in genetics

MEXICO - April farm grain prices forecasted were: a) corn at $3,410 /Ton ($256 USD), b) sorghum $3,160 /Ton ($238 USD) and c) soybean meal $8,500/Ton ($ 640 USD), write Dr Carlos Peralta, President and Dr R. Carlos Rodríguez, Vice President Genesus Mexico.

2013 Mexican Pig Industry Statistics and 2014 Good News

The life slaughter price for Mexico City metropolitan area is $28.77/Kg ($2.16 USD). Historically during this season (Catholic Holy season) the slaughter price dropped between 20 to 25 per cent compared with December due the consumption reduction.

Due to the PED problems we have been suffered in Mexico and in the USA, the slaughter price has had an important increase related with expectations. December slaughter prices were $25.79/Kg ($1.94 USD), so the industry predicted during this seasons a slaughter price between $21 to $22/Kg ($1.58 to $1.65).

On one hand the total production cost per kilogram is between $18 to $19/Kg ($1.35 to $1.43), so the estimated profits per Kilogram forecasted were $3.00/Kg (22.50¢ USD).

On the other hand, the industry forecasted $25 USD profits per slaughter pig. Today they are making almost $90 USD per slaughter pig.

The Mexican Pig Producers Council (MPPC) started the procedures to certified pig processing plant in the Center of Mexico (Guanajuato, Jalisco and Queretaro States) to be allowed to export pig products.

The total number of farms in Mexico is approximately 5,600 and produced in 2013 a little bit less than 1.3 MMT of pork meat, representing 21.6 per cent of the total meat production in Mexico, cattle represents 30.51 per cent and poultry 47.88 per cent . The Mexican pig industry generated 350 K direct employments and 1.7 M indirect employments. The Mexican National Herd inventory has 15.9 M pigs.

Mexican per capita pig consumption during 2013 was 14.5 Kg. (32 pounds).

Trade Balance:

According with MPPC, Mexico´s 2013 exports was 84,000 MMT pork meat with a total value of $444 M USD, representing 18 per cent above exports for 1012 (71,000 MMT). The principal export market was Japan (83 per cent ), and then Korea and the USA (17 per cent ). Pork meat exported form Sonora State (NW) represented by itself 88 per cent and from Yucatan State (SE) represented by itself 12 per cent of the total Mexican exports.

Mexico´s imported 574,000 MMT (89.5 per cent from USA and 10.1 per cent from Canada) and 423 K MMT are Hams.

The Mexican pork meat trade balance during 2013 was minus 490 K MMT with a ratio of 6.833: 1.000.

USA principal exports markets are mainly Japan, Mexico and China respectively.


Mustang Sally Farm

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Re: World Hog news:
« Reply #701 on: April 19, 2014, 08:53:35 AM »

Rising Pork Prices in Mexico Blamed on PED
17 April 2014

MEXICO - Outbreaks of Porcine Epidemic Diarrhoea (PED) are reported to be widespread across the country and are being blamed for rising pig meat prices.

PED outbreaks have spread to Mexico, where producers admit that there are cases "in virtually all states," according to Noticieros Televisa.

The animal health authority, Senasica, says surveillance indicates that the disease is present in only one per cent of the country. Meanwhile, experts warn that the market is nervous and pork prices are rising, which is already reflected in increases of up to 40 per cent in wholesale prices of pork, both from Mexico and imported from the US.

The representative of the US Meat Export Federation, Aaron Turner Gutiérrez, said that PED is affecting the US market, which is reflected in futures prices indicate a jump of 59 per cent for April compared to last year, 36 per cent in May and 23 per cent in June. This means that "markets are expecting a massive drop in production," he said.

Mr Turner Gutiérrez reported that Mexico imports pork shanks from the United States, so yes they may cause deterioration in prices, both parts and sausage products, especially in the second and third quarters of this year.

He added that price increases for consumer are likely but he denied that there is an intention to create a shortage of pork in the market.

Meanwhile, the chief director of Senasica, Enrique Sanchez Cruz, said PED is present on some farms in Mexico - in the states of Jalisco or Guanajuato - but said the cases are isolated and not widespread.

According to information from the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock, Rural Development, Fisheries and Food (Sagarpa), the number of positive samples represents less than one per cent of the 16 million pigs in the country, reports Noticieros Televisa.

Senasica explained that there are 101 notifications of suspected PED cases, resulting in 2,070 laboratory samples, of which 760 samples were found to be positive for the virus.

The report adds that Mexico produced 1.28 million tonnes of pig meat in 2013. In 2012, the value of pork produced was more than MXP40 billion.

Exports in 2013 amounted to 84,407 tonnes - an increase of 50 per cent compared to 2012 - with a total value of US$385 million.

The main producing states are Jalisco, 18.5 per cent; Sonora, 18.1 per cent; Puebla, 9.5 per cent; Guanajuato, 9.3 per cent and Yucatan, 8.4 per cent. There are 789,000 farms rearing pigs in Mexico.

Mustang Sally Farm

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Re: World Hog news:
« Reply #702 on: April 28, 2014, 01:12:08 AM »

Japan Notifies OIE of More Than 400 PED Outbreaks
27 April 2014
 

JAPAN - The veterinary authorities have reported 418 outbreaks of Porcine Epidemic Diarrhoea (PED) to the World Organisation for Animal Health.

The veterinary authority sent an Immediate Notification dated 24 April to the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE).

It describes 418 outbreaks of PED in 33 outbreak clusters. The first was in Okinawa, where there have been four outbreaks since 1 October 2013. The most recent outbreaks started on 21 April 2014.

On a scale of zero to five, morbidity is scored at 3 and mortality at 2.

The report explains that PED is a notifiable disease in Japan and PED vaccines approved by the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries.

In October 2013, an outbreak of PED was confirmed after an absence of seven years.

The number of outbreaks started to increase from December 2013 in southern Kyushu - the country's westernmost large island. The number of outbreaks there temporarily decreased in February 2014, however, they started to increase again in March 2014 and at the same time, outbreaks were confirmed in northern Kyushu area and other prefectures in the northern part of Japan. Numbers of newly affected prefectures by month are as follows: October (1), November (1), December (2), January (1), February (2), March (10), April (16). In addition, diagnostic test result indicated in this report is only on the first case in October 2013.

Outbreaks after the first case are diagnosed at local laboratories in each prefecture by the same method.

According to genetic analysis by the National Institute of Animal Health, viruses isolated from the cases in October and November 2013 were close to the viruses isolated in the People’s Republic of China and the US in 2013.

The direct source of PEDv infection remains unknown.

Th following measures are being applied: movement control inside the country; disinfection of infected premises/establishment(s); no vaccination; supportive care for affected animals.

Mustang Sally Farm

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Re: World Hog news:
« Reply #703 on: May 05, 2014, 05:31:17 AM »

Russia Hog Markets
01 May 2014
Genesus - The first power in genetics

RUSSIA - Russia is experiencing the same high prices for pork as in North America – for some of the same reasons and also for political reasons. This week market prices are at 120 rubles/kg, average weight to market is 110 kg. That is about $1.50 USD per pound, comparatively speaking, writes Susan Wulf, Managing Director, Russia.

African Swine Fever still plagues the region, with new outbreaks along the Eastern European-Russian border, as well as several reported cases of Classical Swine Fever (but found in feral pigs). Both are affecting prices.

Additionally, the border is still closed between the CIS countries and Russia, so no meat, raw or processed is coming into the country. Russia relied heavily on the CIS countries for the trimmings and fat for sausage processing. In the retail markets, there is an approximate increase of 20 per cent currently for all meat protein. Last year a kilo of pork was about 250 rubles/kg; last week it was 300 ru/kg. And, the other genetic companies in the EU can no longer transport their breeding stock into Russia; only option that there is currently is Canada.

PEDv itself in North America has put a shadow on importing animals into Russia. Since the region is already paranoid about ASF and CSF, they surely do not want to have another disease come in surreptitiously and cause more havoc in an already unstable market. Additional testing and biosecurity surveillance has been asked for by companies that are bringing in Genesus genetics.

And who can ignore what is going on in the Ukraine? The Russian government has made it a top priority to increase domestic pork production to ensure food security in Russia. The poultry industry will not be the focus of governmental support or improvement. Current immediate plans are to increase pork production by 30 per cent domestically. This is an escalation of plans to become totally independent of all Western imports into Russia.

Since the beginning of April, Genesus has delivered two plane loads of purebred animals to Russia (1370 animals in total) and have more being sent in the coming months. After our last shipment, Genesus, Ariant Agroholding (purchasers of 7000 animals from Genesus) and the Chelyabinsk government hosted a press conference, discussing and detailing our continued cooperation for the region in the near future. Here is an excerpt from General Director of Ariant, Andrey Aksenov:

“We chose the Canadian company Genesus – recognized the world over by impressive lean meat yield, thin back fat and excellent colour – these traits are the proof quality breeding and high class genetics. Genetics and breeding management are vital for the development of domestic livestock! By obtaining our nucleus stick from the world leader, Genesus, we will dramatically increase the population of our herd, and will after a year have 550,000 animals. By implementing this relationship with Genesus, we will be reaching the world standards for pig production. Statistically, EU and US PSY average is 30 – well above Russian figures. Genesus females should bring 32 or more piglets per sow per year. Outstanding performance – 3.26 thousand pounds of meat from one sow each year.”

And, vice governor of the Chelyabinsk region, Ivan Feklin, went on to say[SW1] :

“After this Canadian-Russian project is completed, our region will reach the planned production capacity level we have set, and Ariant will ensure the pork needs of the Chelyabinsk region by 100 per cent. This means that the south Ural region will become totally independent from all imported meat.”

Feklin added, after being asked how economic sanctions could affect this relationship: “With great satisfaction we can state the fact that the current tension between Russia and the West does not interfere with businessmen and women on both sides of the ocean working together, providing positive actions and putting aside all political hype.”

Genesus anticipates further sales and expansion within Russia – our high standards of genetics, biosecurity as well as customer service is of utmost importance and value to our colleagues in Eastern Europe.



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Re: World Hog news:
« Reply #704 on: May 11, 2014, 11:58:45 PM »

Viet Nam: Hog Markets
09 May 2014
Genesus - The first power in genetics

VIET NAM - Ron Lane, Senior Consultant for Genesus Viet Nam and Meggie Vo, Genesus Marketing Representative in Viet Nam, provide the latest update on the Vietnamese hog market.
•Pork is the leading source of Viet Nam consumers’ intake of meat products. In 2009, the pork consumption per capita reached 27kg-59.5 lbs. per year. The increasing demand for pork is chiefly due to rising incomes and the shift in diet to more protein-rich products. Pork supply still represents about 74.4 per cent of the total meat supply in Viet Nam.


•During most of 2013, the pig market prices have shown a large variation and thus profitability/losses. Market pig prices declined sharply and until the middle months of 2013 around 38,000 to 39,000VND/kg ($1.79US/kg-$0.81US/lb. to $1.83US/kg-$0.83US/lb.), but since that time, the price has risen until it reached 55,000VND/kg ($2.59US/kg-$1.17US/lb.) as a high in December 2013. Since TET, market pig prices have steadily increased. In late March, the farm price for market pigs was about 51,000VND/kg ($2.40US/kg-$1.09US/lb.) -a rise of 2,000 to 3000VND/kg ($0.09 to 0.14US/kg-$0.04US to $0.06US/lb.). The market pig prices have been rising, partly due to the consumers’ fear of avian influenza information and thus the shift from poultry to pork. As well, an increase in the price of some commodities used for livestock feed have increased thus causing a rise in market pig prices. During April and from information from the wholesale market traders, the farm price along with pork products are rising sharply. Currently, the market pig price in the Ho Chi Minh area is about 55,000 VND ($2.59US/kg-$1.17US/lb.) an increase of 2,000 to 3,000VND ($0.09 to 0.14US/kg-$0.04US to $0.06US/lb.) from early April. Pork prices have increased from 5,000 to 15,000 VND/kg ($0.24 to $0.71US/kg-$0.11US to 0.32US/lb.).


•Last week and in recent discussion with producers in Dong Nai province, market pig prices were about 55,000 VND/kg ($2.59US/kg-1.17US/lb.) and cost of production was about 42,000 VND/kg ($1.97US/kg-$0.90US/lb.). Profit was 13,000 VND/kg ($0.61US/kg-$0.28US/lb.) or about $61.10US/market pig in the south part of Viet Nam. However, the market pig price has been lower in the Hanoi region at 43,000 to 46,000VND/kg ($2.02US/kg to $2.16US/kg-$0.92US to $0.98US/lb.). Some pigs from the Hanoi region have been moving towards Ho Chi Minh market with the favourable market prices. China has basically stopped buying live pigs from Viet Nam, as the prices in China are quite low. Recently, the quality pork from the North region has entered the Ho Chi Minh market representing about 40 per cent of the city’s imports (about 3,400 pigs/night enter the south market). According to Nguyen Tri Cong, Chairman of Dong Nai Livestock Association, the carcass weights from the North are lower than the South weights (probably mostly due to live weight shrink- it takes most of 2 days live transport from the North to the South (North carcass weight is about 71 to 72 kg (156 to 159 lbs.) while the carcass weight in the South is about 77 to 78 kg. (170 to 172 lbs.). As well, the demand and market price for feeder pigs (20 kg live weight-44pounds) has also increased sharply from 75,000VND/kg ($ 3.53US/kg-$1.60USD/lb.) to 100,000VND/kg ($4.70US/kg-$2.13US/lb.). This increase in the prices is since the TET holidays (January 31st, 2014).


•Currently, Viet Nam has over 12 million households that are livestock producers-7.5 million are poultry producers and more than 4 million are pig producers (average 1 to 10 pigs/household). Recent statistics from the Ministry of Agriculture (MOA) show a consistent 5-7 per cent decrease in the number of farms per year over the past 5 years. The pig industry sector plays an important role in generating income for rural areas. The small farmers are the key source providing up to 90 per cent of the pork sold in the market place. Therefore, the rising demand and thus pig price, is creating an improved livelihood opportunity for people on low incomes through pig farming. The livestock sector accounts for 27 per cent of the contribution from agriculture to the GDP. Among farming operations, the raising of pigs is a key activity and contributes to 71 per cent of the total livestock output. Thus the argument-the industry should support large-scale, more efficient farms, but the National government also needs

 

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